Duck Breast Lettuce Wrap

My lettuce wrap platter – “Pinkish” tone achieved!

The idea for this recipe spawned from three years ago when my friend “VG” brought back a bag of really delicious perilla flavored tea plums from her hometown (Kaohsiung); the moment I tasted the plums I immediately thought of using them for cooking and pair with duck, green tea and lychee to create an entree.

This was a work in progress and went through a few different versions, the idea of serving as lettuce wrap came this summer when I had a “Asian Food Fest ” gathering with some of my friends! I think by far it’s the best way to serve this duck breast and let it be the star with the perfect “supporting casts”. As I am  only an amateur home chef, the measurements are approximate and cooking methods are based on the knowledge I acquired through my home cooking experiments and the few cooking classes which I’ve attended.  Feel free to “tweak” it any way you think works best, and let me know if you have other suggestions.  Enjoy (OO)!

Ingredients: (Serves two as main course)

2 duck breast (small to medium size), 1 English cucumber, Bunch of green scallions, Head of butter lettuce 

Ingredients for the brine (which will be used to braise the duck breast and create the dipping sauce): 8 cups of cold water, 8 Tablespoons Organic Soy Sauce, 1 small knob of ginger (grated), 2 green scallions (roughly chopped), 1 green tea bag, 1 Tablespoon brown sugar (I’ve used rock sugar),I  8-10 lychee (fresh or canned, roughly chopped), 10-12 Taiwanese tea plums (remove seed, roughly chopped), 1-2 Tablespoons whole black peppercorn, juice and zest (grated) of 1 lemon,1-2 Tablespoons Japanese rice wine (sake), sea salt (for seasoning as required), 1-2 Tablespoons Taiwanese plum juice (optional)

Left: Taiwanese Tea Plums (I found this at the Taiwanese supermarket in Richmond BC); Right: Taiwanese Tea Plum Concentrate (optional as it is difficult to find)


The day before: 

– Prepare the brine: With the exception of the green tea bag, put all brining ingredients into a 6 quart sauce pan. Using medium high heat, bring mixture to a boil.  Reduce to medium low heat, let the mixture simmer and reduce for at least 45 minutes to an hour, it will become more concentrated.

– Turn off the heat, add the green tea bag and let it steep for 10 to 15 minutes.  Remove from heat, remove tea bag, stir the mixture and let it cool down completely.

– Prepare the duck breast for brining: Place the duck breast on the chopping board skin side up, using a sharp knife, score the skin in a diagonal direction (45 degree angle), be careful not to cut into the flesh. Turn the duck breast around and score in the opposite direction.  Pat skin and flesh side dry and set aside.

This is a very important step as scoring the duck breast for cooking helps to render out the fat from the skin more effectively. It is best to score the skin of the duck breast when cold, as it becomes more difficult once the skin warms up.

– Pour cooled down liquid (including all ingredients) into a non-reactive container (BPA free plastic or glass with lid). Submerge the duck breasts into brining liquid, cover with lid and refrigerate overnight.

 Cooking Day:

In the morning:

– Remove the duck breasts from brining liquid, pat dry thoroughly (It must be completely dry) with paper towel, cover and refrigerate.

– Strain the liquid through a fine strainer, press hard on the solids to ensure you get every bit of the liquid.  Run it through a few times to remove any small bits.

– Sauce preparation: Pour liquid into 4 quart sauce pan, using medium high heat, bring liquid to a boil, reduce to medium low heat, and let it simmer and further reduce to approximately 2 cups, the consistency should only be a little “syrupy”.

When ready to cook and serve:

– Take the duck breasts from the refrigerator and let them come towards room temperature prior to searing.

– Wash all vegetables thoroughly: Pull of pieces of butter lettuce gently, wash thoroughly and pat dry with paper towel. Julienne the cucumbers (cut in thin slices) and shred the green scallions.

– Reheat the sauce, keep in low simmer (don’t let it burn).

– On different stove top, place duck breasts skin side down on cold dry skillet, do not add any cooking oil. Place the pan over medium to medium low heat, and slowly render down the fat, it will take approximately 6 to 8 minutes, using a spatula (be careful not to burn yourself), gently flip over and check if skin is browned evenly. Using a spoon, remove the duck fat.

Duck breast skin side down on cold dry pan

– When duck breast is ready, flip over (skin side up) and remove from skillet, finish cooking by “braising” in the sauce (as shown in picture below), skin side up.  Adjust to medium low heat, Using a spoon, “spoon” the sauce constantly over the breast (this will help to cook the breast evenly), the liquid should be gently boiling (you can see bubbles).


– Let them cook for approximately 5 to 6 minutes (depends on the thickness of the duck breasts), flip them over skin side down and cook for another 2 to 3 minutes. To test its doneness, the breasts should feel firm but tender, or you can should a

– Remove from heat, set aside and let them “rest” for at least 10 minutes prior to slicing.

– To finish the sauce, add a little duck fat (which you rendered earlier when browning the skin), Japanese sake and lemon juice, stir and mix well, taste and adjust the seasoning if required, finish off with a few grinds of black pepper. Strain the sauce one more time for a smoother texture.

– Slice the duck breasts thinly, it should be “pinkish” in colour.

– Assemble the platter and serve immediately.


– I purchased the duck breasts from Armando’s at Granville Island.  The smaller ones are not as thick and easier to cook.

– This website has lots of good duck recipes and references:





RECIPE: Duck Confit with Braised Red Cabbage

Duck Confit with Red Cabbage

This dish is fantastic for small dinner parties; we had a Pre-Christmas/Re-Thanksgiving dinner at home for my sister, who visited from Hong Kong two weeks ago.  There were six of us, this was a great option other than roasting a whole turkey.

Duck confit is a French dish made with the leg of duck; it is prepared in a centuries old of preservation that consists of salt curing a piece of meat and then cooking it in its own fat.  The flavourful fat from the confit may also be used in many ways, for sautéed vegetables, roast potatoes, scrambled eggs or savoury toasts, just to name a few. Duck fat can be purchased at gourmet meat stores or butchery, however it can be quite expensive.  Olive oil is an excellent alternative as it gives it a very nice flavour.  Duck confit can be used in salads, cassoulets or to make duck rillettes.  For my dish, I did not prepare any gravy and serve as is with cranberry compote with Riesling, pears and apples (I will post the recipe separately) to give it a Christmas touch.

Duck Confit:

4 Duck Legs, Duck Fat or Olive oil, juniper berries (6), allspice (6) cloves (4) 1 Tablespoon (each) chopped rosemary, thyme and whole peppercorns, 2 Tablespoons kosher salt (coarse salt) 

Rub duck legs with cure; ready to refrigerate!

– To make the cure (Salaison in French): Bash the juniper, allspice, peppercorns and cloves in a pestle and mortar until fairly fine, mix with salt and chopped herbs.

– Clean the duck legs and pat dry, cut off excess skin.

– Rub the cure on both meat and skin side of the duck leg. Cover, chill and let cure in fridge for up to 24 hours.

– The next day, rinse off the cure and seasoning, pat dry.

– Place duck legs (skin side up) in Dutch Oven, cover with fat (duck fat or olive oil).

– Leave on a very low heat for 2 to 2 1/2 hours. Please keep an eye on it as hot fat can be very dangerous, approximately every 15 minutes, skim off scum from oil.

– Take the pan off the heat. Check the duck is cooked by transferring a leg to a plate and pinch the meat, it should pull apart very easily.

– When everything is cool, ladle some fat from the pan into a large earthenware dish and place the duck on it. Pour the rest of the fat to ensure the meat is completely submerged, cover and store in fridge for up to one month.

– To serve: pull the duck legs from the fat, wipe away any excess fat then roast in the oven until skin is crispy and the meat is heated through.  For individual plating, serve duck leg on top of cabbage with spoonful of compote

Braised Cabbage 


1 red cabbage (around 2 pounds, halved and cored, shredded 1/2 inch slices), 125 ml red wine vinegar, 100 g brown sugar (I used maple syrup, adjust accordingly), 1 large thinly sliced onion, red wine (fruity undertones preferred, 750 ml (1 bottle), apple juice (50 ml), 2 tbsp of juniper berries and 1 tbsp of black peppercorns, 1 sprig of sage,  1 to 2 Tablespoon unsalted butter, kosher salt and pepper to taste


– Using medium heat, In large pot combine vinegar and sugar and bring to simmer until mixture is reduced to syrup consistency

– In the same pot, melt butter, add onion and cabbage then mix well; turn up to medium high heat, cover pot with lid and let mixture “sweat” for approximately 10 to 15 minutes

– Add red wine and apple juice, make sure there is enough liquid to cover cabbage; add juniper berries, sage and peppercorn; taste and add more maple syrup to sweeten mixture (if necessary).

– Reduce heat to medium low and continue to cook and stir until liquid is reduced and cabbage is tender.

– Season to taste with salt and black pepper (optional)

– This dish can be made one day ahead, let cool completely before refrigerating; reheat covered over medium heat.


Cabbage Recipe loosely adapted from Great British Chefs, Chef Andy Waters.

Duck Confit recipe loosely based on my own notes from NWCAV poultry class and Jamie Oliver’s rustic recipes published on Daily Mail UK.

Wine selection for cooking the cabbage: I used an inexpensive Cabernet Merlot with blackcurrant undertones which I think will compliment the duck.  The amount of red wine and juice can be adjusted accordingly.

I actually used a combination of melted duck fat (purchased from a butcher) and olive oil.  Excess duck skin (from legs) can be saved for later use to render into duck fat.

Vancouver Resources: Duck legs from Armando’s (Granville Island public Market, call ahead for availability), Duck fat from Pete’s Meats (2817 Arbutus Street, Vancouver).

Duck legs can be reheated on stovetop using skillet; skin side down and cook until skin is crispy.